Here are the hardness ratings of oak and maple according to the Janka hardness test – Red Oak – 1290 lb f (Pound-force) White Oak – 1360 lb f. Hard Maple – 1450 lb f. Soft Maple – 950 lb f. The higher the number, the harder the wood. It measures the force required to embed an 11.28 millimetres (0.444 in) diameter steel ball halfway into a sample of wood. Homeowners like the natural color of Walnut flooring and the warmth it automatically adds to a room. The specific gravities of sugar maple and black maple are 0.63 and 0.57 respectively. The light, neutral color of maple blends in with most kitchen décors. Because of its close-grained structure, this wood offers excellent durability and resistance to bacteria. Hardness is reported according to the Janka Hardness Scale, which measures the amount of pressure required to mar a wood sample. These ratings were done using the Janka Hardness Test. It is Hard Maple and Sugar Maple that has the 1450 rating on the Janka Test, and it is very resistant to wear. Since maple trees are endemic to all the major regions of the world, the presence of lumber mills specializing in maple tree lumber production are abundant. Hard Maple / Sugar Maple 1450 Caribbean Walnut 1390 Coffee Bean 1390 Natural Bamboo (represents one species) 1380 Australian Cypress 1375 White Oak 1360 Tasmanian Oak 1350 Ribbon Gum 1349 Ash (White) 1320 American Beech 1300 Red Oak (Northern) 1290 Caribbean Heart Pine 1280 Yellow Birch, Iroko 1260 Movingui 1230 Heart Pine 1225 As you can see in the accompanying graph, rock maple is the hardest of these four hardwoods - about 15% harder than red oak, which ranks second. You can choose between maple, cherry and walnut boards that are both durable and aesthetically pleasing. One of the hardest wood species, maple is often chosen for heavy-use items, like dressers and kitchen cabinets. The wood of soft maple is not as heavy or as strong as that of hard maple. Oak vs. Other types of Maple flooring are softer, and they should be avoided. Bigleaf maple is moderately hard. It’s generally cheaper than walnut for the same quality, and laser engraving shows up much better. If you’ve looked into purchasing walnut, you might have notice places specifying steamed and unsteamed walnut. In fact, hard maple is more scratch-resistant than beech, walnut, and even teak. Wood toxicity is a concern for woodworkers who are exposed … While it is harder than walnut, it does tend to split easier along the grain than walnut like others have suggested. Both are types of hardwoods. Maple vs. Alder Kitchen Doors. It is worth mentioning that not all hardwoods are the same hardness. Price: A recent survey of retailers we conducted found these hardwood flooring prices for just the material. In this table, the density of different species of wood is expressed as weight in pounds per cubic foot and kilograms per cubic meter. This type of maple is especially hard and will not scratch very easily. People love the natural dark chocolate brown color. This more porous, open wood doesn’t quite have maple’s hardness, strength, or stability, however, and it isn’t suitable as a fretboard material. They can top 100 feet in height and clock in at 1,220 on the Janka hardness scale. Maple vs. Hickory Flooring. Maple and Birch are about equal in Janka hardness, both being in the mid to low teens. The Janka hardness test measures the force required to embed a .444 inch steel ball to half its diameter in wood. Pros: Maple is affordable and ultra-durable. TOXICITY. And it goes straight from small tables to cupboards to beds. Walnut is a beautiful and unique wood. Maple cutting boards make great housewarming gifts, wedding gifts for the bride, and Mother’s day gifts. Maple trees are common in North America, Africa, Europe and Asia. Maple is by far, the most popular wood option on the market – and for good reason. It would be labor intensive making a stock by hand and tough on bits machining it for mass production. July 30, 2020 April 24, 2019. Maple is a type of tree belonging in the genus Acer. Walnut is a harder hardwood than Mahogany. The density will vary based on the moisture content of the wood. It is one of the best measures of the ability of a wood species to withstand denting and wear. Because of its hardness, it is very durable. Walnut’s color is super desirable, and people are willing to pay a premium price for it. Janka ratings for maple range from 700 for silver maple to 1,180 for black maple. Hard maple or sugar maple are two similar types of hardwood that make good cutting boards. First of all, yes, both of these woods are hardwoods. Maple. Because of its hardness Maple does not accept stain very well, however there are techniques available to darken Maple. Phone calls and emails tell the story with hardness being very near the top of the list. As I always say, “furniture” is a very big word. It is one of the best measures of the ability of a wood species to withstand denting and wear. I put a maple stock on a .308 Win for my Uncle about 35 years and, and its still as good as when it was built. This native tree species can be used to create a hard work surface in the kitchen, and is a reliable and renewable resource. Maple and alder are at two different points in the spectrum of cost, appearance and durability. This wood rates at 1,350 on the Janka scale, which is harder than Black Walnut but not as tough as a Eucalyptus tree. Black walnut ranks third in hardness - about 20% below red oak. A common use of Janka hardness ratings is to determine whether a species is suitable for use as flooring. Overall look The minimal grain pattern of Hard Maple make it the perfect choice for a transitional, contemporary or modern look. Density The Janka hardness test measures the lb/in2 required to embed a .444-inch steel ball to half its diameter in wood. As a reference point, Hard Maple has a hardness of 1450, which makes it an ideal cutting board for the top end. It is a very hard wood with tight grain which makes it a great wood for floors and cabinetry. In this blog, we go over the steaming […] If you’ve got a bold statement to say, get a maple! Also known as sugar maple, rock maple is the most popular option for cutting boards. As a wood, maple is a white hardwood and is considered to have a very tight and even grain. Having seen changes in the wood flooring business over the years, I never realized how many people were ill-advised of how to actually go about buying wood floors. Walnut vs Maple Rifle Stock If it is properly inleted and finished, I think Maple would be just as durable as Walnut. The two species exist on different ends of the density scale. When searching for a maple cutting board, it is important to be aware of the different kinds of maple. Types of Wood Comparing American Hardwoods, Softwoods and Tropical Hardwoods. Acacia 1,750 lbs ; Amendoim/Ybarro 1,658 lbs ; Andiroba 1,220 lbs ; Angelim Pedra 1,720 lbs ; Ash 1,200 lbs ; Australian Cypress 1,375 lbs ; Bacana Cayenne 1,420 lbs Maple is a timeless wood that will always be in style, and is the lightest colored wood that is available to us. Hello and thanks for the A2A. This wood captures light and brightens any space. Home Articles/FAQ's Hardwood Flooring 101: For Beginners Wood Charts: Density, Hardness, Stiffness and Strength Strength Chart Strength Chart Acacia 17,500 psi Maple wood is available as hard and soft maple wood. Wood products are known for their natural beauty, but when selecting a type of wood for your next cabinetry, flooring, furniture or millwork project, it is important to also consider the level of durability by understanding the difference between wood types. Walnut, Janka Hardness Rating 1010 Also known as Black Walnut or American Walnut, this wood species usually has fine, straight graining and coloring is a rich, almost chocolate brown. However there are variations in both Maple and Birch and their related hardness with some versions being as low as 700 in hardness compared to others which are 1500. Silver maple, red maple and boxelder are soft maples. As a bonus, a hardwood cutting board is easy to take care of, if … So, definitely, you should give more info about what kind of furniture you are talking about. Hard maple dining rooms make a distinctive, durable addition to any home. Abundantly North American. Hard Maple has a hardness of 1450 on the Janka hardness scale. Hardwood Flooring Hardness . The Sharpest Tool in The Shed. It is adequately hard to provide a suitable surface for cutting. The dark burns of the laser contrast with the light wood grain of the maple nicely. Walnut is crafted in furniture to look slim and sleek with clean lines and a straight cut design. The second most common guitar-neck wood after maple, mahogany is most often coupled with a solid mahogany or mahogany/maple-topped body. Walnut Walnut (below) has bold flowing grains that make a big style statement. Hard Maple is one of the hardest domestic woods in the USA and sometimes referred to as Rock Maple. Maple and cherry wood are two different types of wood. Relative Hardness Table for Domestic and Imported Woods Janka Numbers For Domestic & Exotic Wood Species The Janka Side Hardness test measures the force required to press an 11.28mm (0.444 inch) steel ball to half its diameter cross-grain into a block of wood. Too soft will make a board easily mar and absorb liquid. Hard Rock Maple, also known as Sugar Maple, is found in abundance throughout the upper Midwest and Canada. Mahogany vs Walnut Hardness (Which Wood Is Harder?) Both are quite hard as compared to other woods and both are specifically used for certain The hardness factor alone makes Brazilian hardwood flooring desirable since these durable, dense woods make some of the best flooring options. Walnut graciously shows dark to light patterns that give a dining room a sophisticated look. Maple vs Walnut Butcher Block Hi, I'm in the process of making a new office desk using the classic butcher block alex combo, and I was wondering what type of wood would be better, I'd be happier with the look of walnut, as I prefer darker woods. Woods like hard rock maple, walnut, cherry (all materials used by John Boos), and teak are considered “close grain,” meaning they have small pores for a smoother surface less friendly to bacteria. Imported Hardwoods Domestic hardwood is defined as a wood hailing from North America (U.S. and Canada), while imported hardwoods are those that come from anywhere else in the world. They will all range in different hardness levels. The density or hardness of wood varies by species, and the value is necessary to approximate the weight of lumber by volume. Maple cabinets weigh more than walnut cabinets. It can take a beating and look great for years. The hardness for an optimal cutting board is in the Janka range of 900 to 1500. Maple is a creamy white hardwood that sometimes has a reddish tinge. The Janka hardness test (from the Austrian-born emigrant Gabriel Janka, 1864–1932) measures the resistance of a sample of wood to denting and wear. It's a guess, but i bet maple isn't used much because it's tough on tools. Black Walnut falls in … Domestic vs. Most maples are harder than walnuts.