... At the lower end, measure the distance between the string and the ground … Divide the area of the proposed patio by this number to … Keep in mind that you may need to adjust the edge restraints after you install the pavers. Learn how to lay road base and prepare and area for paving. Before we get into the step-by-step, it’s important for you to understand what is being done and why. Though it may seem daunting at first, knowing the ins-and-outs of the process will help you tackle your paver project with poise. Now spread the sand through the whole area and level it with the lumber making sure it is at the same height as the stakes. ... For all Paver Patios and … Your bubble should be slightly off-center, but it should be always in the same place. If you removed them while digging, reattach your strings before taking measurements. You can also rent a rotating laser level and transit rod to measure the grade with. Remember to level out the bottom soil in the trench itself. Use this article to learn how to level the ground for pavers, and let the lack of complaints about tripping hazards in your patio or walkway be your main reward. We use cookies to make wikiHow great. Step 3. In a procedure that’s similar to that of the last step, drive stakes through the area whose height will represent the total height of sand you will be adding. Spray the stakes with brightly-colored spray paint so you don't accidentally trip over them. Whether you decide to build a brick, flagstone, concrete or paver patio, you need a somewhat level surface if you plan to use the patio as an outdoor sitting area. There are 11 references cited in this article, which can be found at the bottom of the page. From there we flattened down any obvious high spots and packed in dirt in the low areas. Expert Interview. Every day at wikiHow, we work hard to give you access to instructions and information that will help you live a better life, whether it's keeping you safer, healthier, or improving your well-being. That means, in our project, those stakes will have to be spaced 6 inches from the strings. You can check if your slope is leveled using a bubble level in a creative way. Please help us continue to provide you with our trusted how-to guides and videos for free by whitelisting wikiHow on your ad blocker. Determine the finished patio height. Use the filters below to help you find that paved patio you have been dreaming of. He earned a BS degree in Construction Management The strings will mark the height at which the surface of your pavers will be in the future, they will be our reference for digging and everything else from now on. Characteristic Ground Cover Plants for Pavers, Stepping Stones, and Flagstone The crevices between pavers vary in sizes and play a significant role in how low-maintenance they are. Step 2. Make sure you have somewhere to put all the dug up soil before you start digging. He has over 30 years of experience in the pool and landscape construction industry and specializes in large estate outdoor environment construction projects. This article was co-authored by Scott Johnson. wikiHow is where trusted research and expert knowledge come together. Others level ground to prepare for new above-ground swimming pools, swing sets, driveways, sheds or patios. Add about eight inches around the perimeter for safety. How to Level Out the Ground for Patio Pavers Step 1. Wind strings around them at ground level and tie them tightly. Remember all height references should be measured from the string and then down. With all that in mind, the process of leveling the ground for pavers includes outlining the area, marking the finished level goal, digging from that height down, filling the area with gravel and sands, and lastly laying the pavers. Using the carpenter’s level ensure the strings are leveled all the way. consider thickness of paving stone. How to Level Out the Ground for Patio Pavers | Hunker. 8 April 2020. For more advice from our co-author, like how to use landscape fabric to level the ground for pavers, scroll down! Dig the trench and put the paving stones down for a walkway. That means, if you’ve leveled the stakes properly, the gravel should be perfectly leveled as well. The existing surface was a mixture of concrete slabs, pavers and some dirt. Make sure you compact the gravel in 2-inch layers. Pound stakes on the edges of the area you outlined. Scott Johnson is the Owner and Lead Design Consultant for Concrete Creations, Inc., an award-winning landscape and design company based in the San Diego, California metro area. How To Begin Installing Paver Patio On Uneven Surface. His work has been featured in San Diego Home & Garden Magazine and on Pool Kings TV Show. Like all outdoor decor, pavers require some preparation to install properly, especially when it comes to making sure your ground is level. If you’ve ever tripped on an uneven paving surface you know exactly how important leveling the ground for pavers actually is. So you should dig an area that’s larger than what you already outlined by 13 inches as well. Spread a light layer of paver sand over the entire area. Drive stakes whose height will represent the limit for the gravel through the area. How to Level Ground for Pavers. The slope should be about 1/4” per one foot of distance. You can do that by placing stakes in the ground and connecting them with string. Then, in order to allow for drainage, create a slope of 1 inch to every 4 feet of length. Leveling The … Using a shovel or rototiller, dig up the entire area so it's deep enough and add a base layer of gravel until you're about 3 inches from the slope line. Edging around the outside of the outside of the patio holds the pavers in place. You can use rope, spray paint, a garden hose, whatever you need. Using the strings as reference, dig the soil to the necessary depth. Add another thin layer of sand and use the push broom to spread it across the patio. Fill the entire area with gravel to make a foundation for your paver patio. From flagstone pavers to smooth pavers, we compiled design ideas that are great for any outdoor living space. That means, if we want to add 4 inches of crushed gravel, in our project those stakes should be pounded until they are spaced 9 inches (13 – 4) from the strings. This slope should be added only in the direction you want the water to flow to. Scott Johnson. I did this in 4 trailer loads, spreading each … To help you narrow down and decide on the perfect paving stones for your perfect patio area, we have put together a number of paver patio ideas below. Outline it in a way you can see the shape of your project. To make calculations easier, treat each combined segment as one paver. Mark the ground for the paving area that will be managed. Again, level those stakes according to the reference strings and considering the fact that you want to fill the area with sand in a way that the pavers’ height will be the only thing left to add. Please consider making a contribution to wikiHow today. It is helpful to pull a string line so you can check your slope. 7. Measure the length and width and multiply by two to get the square footage. No one wants to trip on uneven paving stones, but they will be uneven if the ground underneath them is not level. Step 5: Place the pavers Drive wooden grade stakes in the ground around the perimeter of the patio so the tops are at the finished height. In order to find out how much you will need to dig, you need to add that up to the depth of the pavers (normally 6 inches). Your support helps wikiHow to create more in-depth illustrated articles and videos and to share our trusted brand of instructional content with millions of people all over the world. Next, you need to install paver restrains and the pavers themselves. With the help of the screeding board, level out the ground. For more advice from our co-author, like how to use landscape fabric to level the ground for pavers, scroll down! Simply removing the grass and excavating the area isn’t enough to prepare the space for pavers. How to Lay Pavers on Dirt Compact the Fill Dirt After leveling the area where your patio is going to be, you’ll want to lay down another thin layer of fill dirt. Mark the boundary of the patio or walkway. Then, calculate how deep you'll need to dig and use string to mark the finished level for your pavers. Once you've found a good spot to add your pavers, measure it so you know how many pavers you'll need. The ground should be tightly compacted using a hand tamper or plate compactor. We know ads can be annoying, but they’re what allow us to make all of wikiHow available for free. Use a push broom to sweep the sand into the gaps between the pavers and run the plate compactor across the patio surface. Landscape & Design Consultant. Leveling the ground occurs before paving stones, or pavers, are laid. ... I’ve had a hard time getting the ground level where I am and I was running out of ideas to … Nevertheless, this type of foundation work takes a lot of working hours and when done right, is barely noticed. Then, put a level on the string to see if it’s level, adjusting as needed. In most cases up to 8 inches deep digs are enough. Then pound over the exposed soil using a tool like a hand tamper until the ground is level and tightly compacted. Pavers work best to support a hot tub when you first create a bed of sand and then compact it down and level it out. This really isn't a good idea. As you’ve noticed, although it’s not impossible to do it yourself, many things can go wrong if not done cautiously and ultimately cause your paver patio to be uneven. In this example, we will need a total depth of 13 inches to accommodate everything. That’s it, you have successfully leveled the ground for pavers to be installed. Article by eHow. Level paving is a challenge. Wooden landscape timbers work great for framing that to keep the sand contained. Available at most home improvement and supply stores, pavers are small, specialty stones that can transform any yard or garden into a work of art. To level the sand base for a paver patio: Add 1” of sand on top of firm base material. Leveling the ground ensures pavers are corr... No one wants to trip on uneven paving stones, but they will be uneven if the ground underneath them is not level. You can do that using your measuring tape to adjust the strings. If you want your pavers to be properly installed, you will add gravel and sand beneath it, and if you want them to be flush with the existent surface it will include some digging in order to accommodate everything. Place two level pieces of metal pipe flush with the top of the sand base. The string … You typically need at least 3-4 inches of material underneath the pavers. Open Monday to Saturday: 8:00 AM to 5:00 PM. Level it off with a rake to ensure the patio slope is consistent. Good paving is like good cake frosting: Nobody notices all the work it took to create that beautiful smooth surface. Don’t let it fool you, that’s no reason for it to be ignored. Then tamp the crushed gravel until the base is firm. You need a layer of road base on top of the soil and a layer of sand on top of the road base. You’re going to use sand to level out the ground further. https://www.skillsyouneed.com/num/area.html, http://extension.oregonstate.edu/marion/sites/default/files/how_to_install_pavers.pdf, http://grounds-mag.com/mag/grounds_maintenance_install_concrete_pavers/, https://www.familyhandyman.com/patio/how-to-cover-a-concrete-patio-with-pavers/view-all/, http://www.recycledgranite.com/upfiles/file/paver-installation.pdf, consider supporting our work with a contribution to wikiHow. To level the ground for pavers, start by calling your local utility organization to see if there are any underground pipes or wires you'll need to avoid while digging. How to install pavers paving stones installation see pictures and s outdoor patio decor level the ground for 15 steps with leveling your paver pavertime lever recessed fire pit design easily a that doesn t look like diy two brothers brick build looking advice on building deck or stone doityourself com community forums lay you ... How To Level The Ground For Pavers 15 Steps With Pictures. Unless the tree was a rot resistant wood that will be be there a long time, you’d be better off digging up the stump, filling in the hole, and compacting the dirt before laying your patio. Lastly, although we call it leveling, we won’t really be aiming at a leveled patio, a slight slope is necessary for water drainage and so that the water takes all the dirty where you want them to go. If you plan on leaving space between pavers, sloping the strings may not be necessary. Outline the area with paint or string. Fix Patio Height. This article has been viewed 142,835 times. You can also lay a pipe that's the same thickness as the pavers on the sand to make sure the distance between the sand and slope lines is accurate. This will keep the pavers level over time. You need to make sure the space is level. That’s why it’s probably in your best interest to hire professionals to do this job for you. If your hot tub is already installed on pavers, but you need to level your hot tub, the best thing to do is use shims. Leveling Sand Paver Thickness* Brock PaverBase Dig out this many inches below your current level 1/2 Inch 1 3/4 Inch 7/8 Inch ... make sure it follows the slope of the concrete pad. Run the plate compactor over the area one last time. How to Lay Pavers: Almost a month ago I started laying the pavers in my back yard. If you’re not sure how much you need, 4 inches of gravel and 3 inches of sand should be enough. The first step to preparing the ground for their paver patio was to remove the existing concrete. First, calculate what’s the total depth of your paving project after deciding on how much gravel and sand to add. Draw an outline on the dig hole to mark the paver layout. % of people told us that this article helped them. … Pour a thin layer of gravel at the bottom of the … Paving stones can be laid into place using the right techniques. Some people even level the ground before planting grass seed, flowers and vegetable gardens. However, you shouldn’t be a perfectionist here, there will be plenty of opportunity for that later. "Confirmed sand can be installed either above or below the weed barrier.". That will prevent the paving patio from looking uneven in time. If you live near Sarasota and Manatee, call us right now for a free consultation. Pound stakes into the ground at the corners of the rectangle. You’ll see how to calculate the volume of road base fill you’ll need. May 2, 2019 - How to Level the Ground for Pavers. Whether you decide to build a brick, flagstone, concrete or paver patio, you need a somewhat level surface if you plan to use the patio as an outdoor sitting area. Laying a paver patio over a tree stump wouldn’t be a good idea, since as the wood rotted, the ground would tend to sink. By using our site, you agree to our. Lay out rope or garden hose to mark the outside edge and shape of your project. Last Updated: September 9, 2020 Chances are, therefore, that visitors may praise the color, design and creativity of your paving project without once complimenting you on how splendidly level it is. Measure the area in which you want to add your patio. Thanks to all authors for creating a page that has been read 142,835 times. References. Available at most home improvement and supply stores, pavers are small, specialty stones that can transform any yard or garden into a work of art. Don’t forget to pack down the soil with the plate compactor. Fill up the hole with concrete to provide it solid base support. Run a straight board over the pipes to screed off any excess sand. Measure the distance between the soil and the string in many places to ensure everything is even. Can You Grout Pavers And How Long Does It Last Outdoors. It should … String the twine between the stakes at the perimeter, so it follows the shape of the area. – It’s time to dig.. First, calculate what’s the total depth of your paving project after deciding on how … Tie a string onto two stakes and place the stakes in the … Use a small amount of brightly-colored spray paint or string to … ... Compacting the base level is key to creating a paver patio that will remain level and hold up through the years. Finally, add a layer of bedding sand, and place your pavers on top. Add in a 2-inch-layer of crushed gravel and spread it evenly over the landscape fabric. Whatever your reason to level ground, the process is the same. We are going to use the strings to create your leveling reference. Once you have decided on the paver stones you are going to use, measure the length and width of one of the stones and multiply by two to find the square footage. Now, before you start digging, you should also consider that some edging will be necessary to hold everything in place. with an emphasis in Architecture and CAD design from Northern Arizona University. JSBrick is a company that specializes in the supply and installation of pavers, whatever you need, we’ve got your back. To ensure the same height of the pavers once you lay them down, use the screeding board to make sure they’re the same height. When you lay out the patio, slope it away from the house at a rate of 1/8 to 1/4 inch per foot to keep water from working its way into the house. Spread the reference stakes about 7 feet from each other. Leveling the ground for pavers is not only about leveling the ground you already have. Include your email address to get a message when this question is answered. The cement was then broken up and removed with the help of a small rental tractor. Avoid driving the stakes into the ground over any utility lines. If you really can’t stand to see another ad again, then please consider supporting our work with a contribution to wikiHow. Finally, spread the crushed gravel. Remove grass or other vegetation and skim off 2 to 4 inches of soil. A circular saw with a concrete blade was used to cut the cement right at the base of the stairs. June 2020. Amid the current public health and economic crises, when the world is shifting dramatically and we are all learning and adapting to changes in daily life, people need wikiHow more than ever. We then scraped the surface down to make the paver level with the sidewalk, adding and subtracting soil until it was level and adjusted as we set down more pavers where it was obviously off and the pavers were lower or higher on edges or middle. If your pavers are designed to lock together, measure them when they are connected. Dig the ground according to the size of the paver. Ensure the gravel is properly leveled by running a straight lumber though out the whole area, always making sure the gravel is at the same height of the stakes. For stones with only about two inches of space between them, the plants may cover the stones and require more trimming, whereas areas with more space between stones are more maintainable. Push stakes 5 to 8 inches into the ground where you will have the boundaries of a path or other … Excavate the Patio Paver Area. 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